ANGOULÊME


ANGOULÊME
ANGOULÊME, capital of the department of Charente, western France. It seems from a missive addressed by Pope Gregory IX in 1236 to the bishop of Angoulême and other prelates that the crusaders had committed excesses against the Jews there. In about 1240 nathan b. joseph official engaged in a controversy with the bishop of Angoulême. The Jewish cemetery was situated between the city wall and the abbey, and the synagogue near the present Place Marengo. The "Rue des Juifs" (now Rue Raymond-Audour) began at Rue des Trois-Notre-Dame and ended at the Place du Palet. A second "Rue des Juifs" in Faubourg l'Houmeau is mentioned for the first time in 1811. The community seal represents a crescent moon and a six-pointed star with the encircling inscription S(igillum) Iudaeorum.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gross, Gal Jud, 62–63; A.F. Lièvre, Angoulême (Fr., 1885), 132–3; Blumenkranz, in: Archives Juives, 2, no. 4 (1966), 2; S. Grayzel, Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century (1933), 226–9. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Angoulême — [än go͞o lem′] city in SW France: pop. 46,000 * * * An·gou·lême (äɴ go͞o lāmʹ, lĕmʹ) A city of western France north northeast of Bordeaux. It was ceded to England in 1360 but was retaken by France in 1373. Population: 46,197. * * * City (pop.,… …   Universalium

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  • Angoulēme [2] — Angoulēme (spr. Anggulähm), franz. Geschlecht, von der Grafschaft A. so genannt. Turpion, Sohn Ithiers od. Rothars, war angeblich durch Karl den Kahlen erster Graf von A.; er fiel 863 gegen die Normänner, u. die Grafschaft erbte in dessen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Angoulême [1] — Angoulême (spr. anggulǟm ), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Charente, 96 m ü. M., an der Charente, Knotenpunkt der Orléans und der Staatsbahn, besteht aus der alten Stadt, die von schönen Promenaden (den ehemaligen Wällen) umgeben ist, und den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Angoulême [2] — Angoulême (spr. anggulǟm ), 1) Charles de Valois, Herzog von, natürlicher Sohn Karls IX. und der Marie Touchet, geb. 28. April 1573, gest. 24. Sept. 1650, führte zuerst den Titel eines Grafen von Auvergne, ward 1580 Großprior von Frankreich und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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